Эссе в Cambridge САЕ: 20+ заданий

Эти задания для САЕ эссе вы можете увидеть в Practice Tests и некоторых пособиях для подготовки к этому экзамену: Cambridge English: Advanced 1-3, Handbook for Teachers, Advanced Trainer, Compact Advanced, Oxford Practice Tests. Я пошла немного дальше и распределила их здесь по темам. Из-за долгого форматирования на WordPress мне пришлось отказаться от табличек: бороться с машинами просто нет времени. Поэтому нет привычных двух блоков в прямоугольниках как в этом посте. Зато есть больше двадцати примеров, иллюстрирующих типичную тематику обязательной части CAE Writing.

Music

You class has watched a studio discussion on the role of music in society. You have made the notes below:

The role of music in society:

  • enriching people’s lives
  • uniting social groups
  • education young children

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘The purpose of music is to bring beauty to our lives.’
‘Music can help bring different people together.’
‘Music lessons at school can improve learning in other subjects’.

Write an essay for your tutor discussing two of the roles of music in society in your notes. You should explain which role is more significant, giving reasons to support your opinion.

You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

Education, Upbringing

1. Your class has listened to a radio discussion about the benefits of learning languages. You have made the notes below:

Benefits of learning languages:

  • understanding other cultures
  • increasing job opportunities
  • providing intellectual challenge

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘When you learn a language you learn a lot more than just words.’
‘You can apply for great jobs if you speak other languages.’
‘Learning languages is good for the brain’.

Write an essay for your tutor discussion two of the benefits of learning languages in your notes. You should explain which benefit is more important, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

2. You have watched a discussion on factors that help determine an individual’s personality. You have made the notes below:

Influences that determine personality:

  • genetics
  • 
family life
  • society in general

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘Just as physical characteristics come from our genes, so do psychological ones.’
‘Children imitate their parents’ behaviour and eventually become similar people.
’
‘School life has an enormous role in forming a child’s character.’

Write an essay for your tutor discussing two of the factors in your notes. You should explain which factor you think is more important in determining personality, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

3. Your class has watched a round-table discussion about what young people can learn from older generations. You have made the notes below:

Areas where young people could learn from older generations:

  • work
  • relationships
  • money

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘People with work experience can tell you what the job you’re considering is really like.’

‘Older people can give wise advice when you have a problem with a friend.’

‘It’s hard to manage your money when you start living independently.’

Write an essay discussing two of the areas in your notes. You should explain in which area young people could gain most from older generations, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

4. Your class has listened to a panel discussion about how schools can best prepare young people for their future work ing lives. You have made the notes below:

Strategies aimed at preparing young people for their future working lives:

  • teaching practical skills
  • 
providing information about jobs
  • establishing links with local community

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘Schools should spend more time teaching practical things like car mechanics, cooking, computer programming, etc.’

‘Young people need to know about a wide range of possible jobs.’

‘Kids should have the opportunity to get work experience in local workplaces.’

Write an essay discussing two of the strategies in your notes. You should explain which strategy is most likely to be effective, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish , make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

5. Your class has listened to a radio discussion on how more young people can be encouraged to study science. You have made the notes below:

Ways of encouraging young people to study science:

  • advertising
  • school programmes
  • governmental grants.

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘You never see positive images of young scientist on TV, just top pop stars or actors.’
‘Science lessons should be more practical and fun.’
‘If long people see science as a career, they’ll want to study it.’

Write an essay discussion two of the points in your notes. You should explain which way would be more effective in encouraging long people to study science, providing reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

6. You have listened to a radio discussion program about how to motivate children to do regular exercise. You have made the notes below:

Ways of motivating children to do regular exercise:

  • parental example
  • governmental funding
  • school.

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘If children don’t see their parents do exercise, they don’t think it’s important.’
‘If sports facilities were cheaper, more people would use them.’
‘Sport in schools is too competitive. It should be fun for everyone.’

Write an essay for your tutor discussing two of the ways in your notes. You should explain which way is more effective in motivating children to do regular exercise and provide reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

7. Your class has listened to a radio discussion about how adults can be a good influence on younger people. You made the notes below:

Ways adults can influence how younger people behave:

  • giving rules
  • setting an example
  • offering advice.

Some options express in the discussion:

‘Sometimes it’s fun to break the rules!’
‘If you admire somebody, you try to behave like them.’
‘Young people don’t always listen.’

Write an essay discussing two of the ways in your notes that adults can influence younger people’s behaviour. You should explain which way you think is more effective, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

8. Your class has watched a television programme on the reasons why many young people choose to live in cities. You have made the notes below:

Factors which influence why many young people prefer to live in cities:

  • work
  • education
  • culture

Some options expressed in the discussion:

‘There are a greater range of jobs available in cities.’

‘Most universities are in big cities.’
‘There is no much happening in big cities.’

Write an essay discussion two of the facts in your notes which influence why many young people choose to live in cities. You should identify which factor you think is more significant, providing reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

9. Your class has had a discussion about the importance of stories for young children. You have made the notes below:

Ways in which stories for young children are important:

  • entertainment
  • education
  • 
social values

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘Stories are fun’.
‘Stories develop children’s vocabulary.’
‘Children find out the difference between right and wrong.’

Write an essay discussion two of the ways in your notes which stories for young children are important from your notes. You should explain which way you think is more important, providing reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

10. Your class has listened to a radio discussion about different ways of looking after young children. You have made the notes below:

Ways of looking after young children:

  • at home with parents or other family members
  • 
in nurseries or pre-schools
  • with a professional nanny

Some options expressed in the discussion:
‘Children develop best when they spend a lot of time with this family.’
‘It’s important for children to learn to get along with other children.’
‘Nannies are trained to deal with all sorts of situations.’

Write an essay discussion two of the ways of looking after young children in your notes. You should explain which way you think is more beneficial, providing reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

Environment

1. Your class has attended a panel discussion on how to influence people to be more environmentally friendly. You have made the notes below:

Ideas for influencing people to be more environmentally friendly:

  • laws and taxes
  • education
  • media.

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘Governments should make people pay if they damage the environment.’
‘Schools and parents should teach children to respect the environment from a very early age.’
‘News programmes can tell people how important these issues are.’

Write an essay for you tutor discussing two of the ideas for influencing people in your notes. You should explain which way would be more effective and provide reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

2. Your class has watched a TV programme on ways of keeping the urban environment clean and tidy. You have made the notes below:

Ways of keeping the urban environment clean and tidy:

  • legislation
  • 
public awareness campaigns
  • 
public services

.

Some options expressed in the programme:
‘Laws against polluting should be tougher.’
‘The media need to encourage people to act responsibility.’
‘The government needs to spend more on keeping our cities clean’.

Write an essay discussion two of the ways in your notes. You should explain which way of keeping the urban environment clean and tidy is more important, providing reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

3. Your class has attended a debate on how governments around the world should help protect endangered species. You have made the notes below.

Ways governments could help protect endangered species:


  • education
  • 
protected zones
  • legislation

Some options expressed in the discussion:


‘People should be shown how they can help conserve wildlife.’
‘We can help endangered animal populations recover by improving their environment.’
‘It ought to be illegal to harm animals or damage the places where they live.’

Write an essay for your tutor discussing
 two of the points in your notes. You should explain which way you think would be more effective, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

4. Your class has watched a television debate about what should be done to ensure that natural resources, such as water and oil, are not wasted. You have made the notes below:

Ways to ensure natural resources are not wasted:

  • laws
  • media
  • industry

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘The best method would be to make wasting natural resources a criminal offence.’
‘Newspapers and TV can have a very powerful impact on people’s behaviour.’
‘Companies should take the lead by avoiding unnecessary packaging.’

Write an essay discussing two of the ways in your notes. You should explain which way you think is most effective, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

5. Your class has attended a panel discussion on the subject of TV shoes that feature member of the public, such as reality TV short and talent competitions. You have made the notes below:

Aspects of reality and talent TV shows:

  • entertainment for viewers
  • 
influence on young people
  • 
effect on participants.

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘These programmes are just harmless entertainment and there is nothing wrong with them.’
‘The influence these programmes can have ob young people can be very bad indeed.’
‘People who take part in these programmes can be damaged by the experience.’

Write an essay for your tutor discussing two of the aspects in your notes. You should explain with aspect you think is the most important regarding these TV shows and provide reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

Shopping, marketing, social trends

1. Your class has just watched an online discussion about factors which influence our consumer choices. You have made the notes below:

Factors which influence our consumer choices:

  • celebrities
  • peer pressure
  • marketing.

Some opinions expressed in the programme:
‘People want to be like their favourite stars’.
‘No one wants to be different.’
‘Who takes any notice of all those adverts?’

Write an essay for your tutor discussing two of the factors which influence our consumer choices in your notes. You should explain which facts is more significant, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

2. Your class has just watched a TV documentary on factors influencing socials trends. You have made the notes below:

Factors influencing socials trends:

  • communications
  • opportunities
  • advertising.

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘The smartphone has transformed social interaction.’

‘Education and travel can affect people’s tastes.’
‘No one can escape the social pressures of advertising.’

Write an essay for you tutor discussing two of the factors in your notes. You should explain which facto you think has grater influence on socials trends, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

3. Your class has been watching a TV documentary about the impact of advertising on society. You have made the notes below:

Areas affected by advertising:

  • our everyday lives
  • what we buy
  • the economy

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘Some of the ads on TV are really funny.’
‘it makes people spend money on things they don’t really need.’
‘A lot of people work in advertising companies.’

Write an essay for you tutor discussing the effects on two of the areas in your notes. You should explain which area you think is affected more and provide reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

4. Your class has listened to a radio discussion about the advantages and disadvantages of receiving different types of presents. You have made the notes below:

Types of presents:

  • luxuries
  • homemade items
  • experiences

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
‘The best presents are things you couldn’t afford to buy for yourself.’
‘If someone’s spent time making a present for me, it shows how much they care.’
‘I don’t need more things — I’d rather be taken to the theatre or a football match.’

Write an essay discussing two of the types of present in your notes. You should explain which of these types of present is best to receive, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

5. Your class has listened to a radio discussion about how to help people live healthier lives. You have made the notes below:

Measures to help people to live healthier lives:

  • education
  • legislation
  • facilities

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘People need to know about the benefits of exercise and a healthy diet.’
‘There should be laws that totally ban unhealthy habits like smoking.’
‘The government needs to sponsor facilities to make them affordable for everyone.’

Write an essay discussing two of the measures in your notes. You should explain which measure is most likely to be effective, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

Travelling

1. Your class has watched a studio discussion about factors which have contributed to the recent increase in international travel. You have made the notes below:

Factors contributing to the increase in international travel:

  • methods of transport
  • global business
  • media.

Some options expressed in the discussion:
‘It’s quicker to fly abroad than to take a train to the north of my country!’
‘My company has offices in 12 different countries.’
‘People have developed a love of other cultures through TV and films.’

Write an essay for your tutor discussing two of the factors in your notes. You should explain which factor has contributed more to the increase in international travel, providing reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

2. Your class has listened to a panel discussion about the benefits to a country of people gaining experience of life abroad. You have made the notes below:

Benefits to a country of people spending time abroad:

  • business
  • culture
  • understanding

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

People who’ve spent time abroad are then well equipped to conduct business with different countries.’
‘It teaches people about different traditions in local cultures.’

‘People become aware that there are other ways of looking at the world.’

Write an essay discussing two of the benefits in your notes. You should explain which benefit you think is most important, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

3. Your class has attended a panel discussion on what are the greatest advantages of digital and computer technology for people in their everyday lives. You have made the notes below:

Advantages of digital and computer technology in everyday life:

  • communication
  • access to information
  • shopping and services

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘Being able to contact anyone at any time in any place is obviously the greatest advantage.’
‘The fact that people can instantly look up something and find out about it, or learn something new, is the greatest advantage.’
‘You don’t need to go out or spend a long time buying or paying for things and that’s the greatest advantage.’

Write an essay for you tutor discussing two of the advantages in your notes. You should explain which advantage you think is the greater for people in their everyday lives and provide reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

Social issues

1. Your class has discussed a panel discussion on facilities which should receive money from local authorities. You have made the notes blue:

Which facilities should receive money from local authorities?

  • museums
  • sports centres
  • public gardens.

Some options express in the discussion:
‘Museums aren’t popular with everybody!’
‘Sports centres mean healthier people.’
‘A town needs green spaces — parts are great for everybody.’

Write an essay discussing two of the facilities in your notes. You should explain which facility it is more important for local authorities to give money to, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.

2. Your class has listened to a radio discussion about how important it is to keep up-to-date with aspects of culture and current affairs. You have made the notes below:

Aspects of culture and current affairs where people like to keep up-to-date:

  • news
  • fashion
  • the arts

Some opinions expressed in the discussion:

‘Being well-informed about what’s going on in the world may help us to avoid problems in future.’

‘Fashionable clothes make people look more interesting — and they don’t need to be expensive.’

‘Knowing about the latest books and films gives you lots of interesting things to talk about.’

Write an essay discussing two of the aspects in your notes. You should explain which aspect is most important to keep up-to-date with, giving reasons in support of your answer. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.